Azepam5 mg



ACME Laboratories Ltd.

Product Code : 1757
MRP 0.69
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Medicine overview

Indications of Azepam 5 mg

Azepam 5 mg is indicated for the short-term treatment of mild to moderate anxiety, excitation, agitation, fear, aggressiveness, etc. Anxiety reactions caused by stressed conditions, anxiety states with somatic expression, acute alcohol withdrawal, status epilepticus, premedication for surgical procedures, febrile convulsions, insomnia of hospitalized patients.

Theropeutic Class

Benzodiazepine sedatives, Centrally acting Skeletal Muscle Relaxants, Primary anti-epileptic drugs


Azepam 5 mg, like other members of the benzodiazepine family, binds to receptors in various regions of the brain, such as the spinal cord, brain stem, cerebellum, limbic system and cerebral cortex. Binding of Azepam 5 mg to the benzodiazepine receptor potentiates the inhibitory actions of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) mediated through chloride channel, thereby enhancing GABA-facilitated, inhibitory synaptic transmission.

Dosage & Administration of Azepam 5 mg

Dosage should be individualized for maximum beneficial effect. While the usual daily dosages given below will meet the needs of most patients, there will be some who may require higher doses. In such cases dosage should be increased cautiously to avoid adverse effects. ADULTS: Management of Anxiety Disorders and Relief of Symptoms of Anxiety: Depending upon severity of symptoms 2 mg to 10 mg, 2 to 4 times dailySymptomatic Relief in Acute Alcohol Withdrawal: 10 mg, 3 or 4 times during the first 24 hours, reducing to 5 mg, 3 or 4 times daily as neededAdjunctively for Relief of Skeletal Muscle Spasm: 2 mg to 10 mg, 3 or 4 times dailyAdjunctively in Convulsive Disorders: 2 mg to 10 mg, 2 to 4 times dailyGeriatric Patients, or in the presence of debilitating disease: 2 mg to 2.5 mg, 1 or 2 times daily initially; increase gradually as needed and tolerated PEDIATRIC PATIENTS: Because of varied responses to CNS-acting drugs, initiate therapy with lowest dose and increase as required. Not for use in pediatric patients under 6 months: 1 mg to 2.5 mg, 3 or 4 times daily initially; increase gradually as needed and tolerated

Dosage of Azepam 5 mg

Oral: Anxiety: 2 mg thrice daily, increased if necessary to 15-30 mg daily in divided doses. Elderly (or debilitated), half of the adult dose. Insomnia associated with anxiety: 5-15 mg at bedtime. Night terrors and somnambulism in Child: 1-5 mg at bedtime. IM/slow IV injection (large vein, a rate below 5 mg/minute): For severe acute anxiety, control of acute panic attacks, and acute alcohol withdrawal: 10 mg repeated if necessary after not less than 4 hours. Febrile convulsion in children: Slow IV in a dose of 250 mcg/kg. Rectal: In case of children- A dose of 500 mcg/kg (maximum 10 mg), repeated if necessary.

Interaction of Azepam 5 mg

Concomitant intake with alcohol is not recommended. Sedation may be increased due to concomitant use of neuroleptics (antipsychotics), hypnotics, sedative antihistamines and CNS depressants e.g., general anesthetics, narcotic analgesics or antidepressants. Azepam 5 mg clearance is increased by concomitant administration of phonobarbitone and is decreased by administration of cimetidine. Omeprazole and isoniazide inhibit Azepam 5 mg metabolism.


Azepam 5 mg is contraindicated in myasthenia gravis, pulmonary insufficiency, respiratory depression and hypersensitivity to bezodiazepine.

Side Effects of Azepam 5 mg

Azepam 5 mg is generally well tolerated. Higher doses may cause somnolence, dizziness, light headedness, confusion and ataxia.

Pregnancy & Lactation

Category D: The use of Azepam 5 mg during the first trimester of pregnancy should almost always be avoided as it bears a risk of congenital malformation.Azepam 5 mg has been detected in breast milk. If possible the use of Azepam 5 mg should be avoided during lactation.

Precautions & Warnings

Prolonged use and abrupt withdrawal should be avoided. Azepam 5 mg should be used with caution in respiratory disease, muscle weakness, history of drug or alcohol abuse, in hepatic or renal impairment.

Overdose Effects of Azepam 5 mg

Sedation, muscle weakness, profound sleep or paradoxical excitation. In more severe cases symptoms may include ataxia, hypotonia, hypotension, respiratory depression and rarely coma and death.

Storage Conditions

Store in a cool (below 25˚C temperature) and dry place protected from light.

Drug Classes

Benzodiazepine sedatives, Centrally acting Skeletal Muscle Relaxants, Primary anti-epileptic drugs

Mode Of Action

Azepam 5 mg attaches to the specific site on the GABA receptor and potentiates the effect of GABA, which acts by opening chloride ion channels into cells.Azepam 5 mg is absorbed rapidly and completely after oral administration. Peak Plasma concentration reaches within 15-90 minutes. Mean plasma half-life is 30 hours. Plasma protein binding is 98-99%. Azepam 5 mg is metabolized in the liver with only traces of the unchanged drug excreted in urine. A very small proportion of the metabolites is excreted through the bile into the intestine and eliminated with the feces. After rectal administration in suppository form Azepam 5 mg is significantly absorbed and peak concentration reaches within 1.5-2 hours.


Azepam 5 mg and its active metabolites cross the placental barrier and also pass into breast milk. So, it should be avoided if possible during pregnancy and lactation. US FDA pregnancy category D.

The information provided is accurate to our best practices, but it does not replace professional medical advice. We cannot guarantee its completeness or accuracy. The absence of specific information about a drug should not be seen as an endorsement. We are not responsible for any consequences resulting from this information, so consult a healthcare professional for any concerns or questions.