Carboplat

Carboplat10 mg/ml

IV Infusion

Carboplatin

Beacon Pharmaceuticals Ltd.

Product Code : 2834
MRP 1400.00
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Medicine overview

Indications of Carboplat 10 mg/ml

Initial Treatment of Advanced Ovarian Carcinoma: Carboplat 10 mg/ml is indicated for the initial treatment of advanced ovarian carcinoma in established combination with other approved chemotherapeutic agents. One established combination regimenconsists of Carboplat 10 mg/ml and cyclophosphamide. ... Read moreInitial Treatment of Advanced Ovarian Carcinoma: Carboplat 10 mg/ml is indicated for the initial treatment of advanced ovarian carcinoma in established combination with other approved chemotherapeutic agents. One established combination regimenconsists of Carboplat 10 mg/ml and cyclophosphamide. Two randomizedcontrolled studies conducted by the NCIC and SWOG with Carboplat 10 mg/ml versus cisplatin, both in combination with cyclophosphamide, have demonstrated equivalent overall survival between the two groups.There is limited statistical power to demonstrate equivalence in overal  pathologic complete response rates and long-term survival ( ≥ 3 years) because of the small number of patients with these outcomes: the small number of patients with residual tumor < 2 cm after initial surgery also limits the statistical power to demonstrate equivalence in this subgroup.Secondary Treatment of Advanced Ovarian Carcinoma: Carboplat 10 mg/ml is indicated for the palliative treatment of patients with ovarian carcinoma recurrent after prior chemotherapy, including patients who have been previously treated with cisplatin.Within the group of patients previously treated with cisplatin, those who have developed progressive disease while receiving cisplatin therapy may have a decreased response rate.

Theropeutic Class

Cytotoxic Chemotherapy

Pharmacology

Carboplat 10 mg/ml is an alkylating agent which binds covalently to DNA. It modifies the cell cycle by interfering with DNA structure and function.

Dosage & Administration of Carboplat 10 mg/ml

Previously untreated patients: 400 mg/m2 as single short term IV infusion over 15-60 min. Therapy should not be repeated until 4 wk after the previous course and/or until the neutrophil count is at least 2,000 cells/mm3 and the platelet count is at least 100,000 cells/mm3. Patients previously treated with myelosuppresive therapy or patients with poor performance status: Reduce initial dosage by 20-25% (300-320 mg/m2).

Dosage of Carboplat 10 mg/ml

Previously untreated patients: 400 mg/m2 as single short term IV infusion over 15-60 min. Therapy should not be repeated until 4 wk after the previous course and/or until the neutrophil count is at least 2,000 cells/mm3 and the platelet count is at least 100,000 cells/mm3. Patients previously treated with myelosuppresive therapy or patients with poor performance status: Reduce initial dosage by 20-25% (300-320 mg/m2).

Interaction of Carboplat 10 mg/ml

Administration of a liver vaccine may be dangerous during treatment with Carboplat 10 mg/ml. The renal effects of nephrotoxic compounds may be potentiated by Carboplat 10 mg/ml.

Contraindications

Carboplat 10 mg/ml injection should not be employed in patients with severe bone marrow depression or significant bleeding. It is contraindicated in patients with a history of severe allergic reactions to cisplatin or other platinum containing compounds.

Side Effects of Carboplat 10 mg/ml

Bone marrow suppression, gastrointestinal effects, nephrotoxicity, nervous system, ototoxicity, allergic reactions, alopecia, mucositis.

Pregnancy & Lactation

Pregnancy Category D. There is positive evidence of human foetal risk, but the benefits from use in pregnant women may be acceptable despite the risk

Precautions & Warnings

Much less renal toxicity than cisplatin so no need for a vigorousm hydration schedule or forced diuresis. If AUC dosing is not used, dose should be reduced to 250 mg/m2 for creatinine clearance of 41 to 59 ml/min and to 200 mg/m2 for clearance of 16 to 40 ml/min. Corticosteroids & antihistamines are employed to alleviate symptoms.

Storage Conditions

Store at 25° C. Protect from light.

Use In Special Populations

Renal Impairment: CrCl (16-40 ml/min)- 200 mg/m2. CrCl (41-59 ml/min)- 250 mg/m2.

Reconstitution

150 mg injection should be reconstituted with 15 ml of sodium chloride solution (0.9%) or water for injection.450 mg injection should be reconstituted with 45 ml of sodium chloride solution (0.9%) or water for injection.The reconstituted solution should be diluted by 300 ml (for 150 mg) & 900 ml (for 450 mg) of 5% glucose for injection or 0.9% sodium chloride solution for infusition.

Drug Classes

Cytotoxic Chemotherapy

Mode Of Action

Carboplat 10 mg/ml is an alkylating agent which binds covalently to DNA. It modifies the cell cycle by interfering with DNA structure and function.

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category D. There is positive evidence of human foetal risk, but the benefits from use in pregnant women may be acceptable despite the risk

Pediatric Uses

Renal Impairment: CrCl (16-40 ml/min)- 200 mg/m2. CrCl (41-59 ml/min)- 250 mg/m2.
Disclaimer

The information provided is accurate to our best practices, but it does not replace professional medical advice. We cannot guarantee its completeness or accuracy. The absence of specific information about a drug should not be seen as an endorsement. We are not responsible for any consequences resulting from this information, so consult a healthcare professional for any concerns or questions.