Indications of Clopixol Depot 200 mg/ml
Clopixol Depot 200 mg/ml is indicated for the management of the manifestations of schizophrenia. This is intended for the initial treatment of acute psychotic episodes or exacerbation of psychosis associated with schizophrenia.
Phenothiazine related drugs
Clopixol Depot 200 mg/ml, a thioxanthene derivative, has high affinity for both dopamine D1 receptors and dopamine D2 receptors. Clopixol Depot 200 mg/ml also has high affinity for α1 -adrenergic and 5 HT2 receptors. It has weaker histamine H1 receptor blocking activity, and even lower affinity for muscarinic cholinergic and α2 -adrenergic receptors.
Dosage & Administration of Clopixol Depot 200 mg/ml
Clopixol Depot 200 mg/ml Tablets: When initiating treatment with Clopixol Depot 200 mg/ml tablets, it is recommended that the drug be given in divided doses (BID or TID). During the maintenance phase of treatment Clopixol Depot 200 mg/ml tablets may be given as a single nighttime dose. For acute psychosis, the usual starting dose is 10-50 mg/day, which may be increased by 10-20 mg every 2-3 days, according to the patient’s response. The usual therapeutic range is 20 mg to 60 mg daily. However, as with other antipsychotic drugs, some patients may require lower, while others may require higher dosage in order to obtain optimal benefit. Daily dosage higher than 100 mg is not recommended. For maintenance therapy, dosage should be reduced to the lowest level compatible with symptom control. The usual maintenance dose is 20-40 mg/day.Clopixol Depot 200 mg/ml Acuphase: Dosage should be individually adjusted according to the patient’s condition. The usual dose is 50-150 mg (1-3 ml) administered intramuscularly and repeated if necessary, at intervals of 2-3 days. Some patients may need an additional injection 1 or 2 days after the first injection.Clopixol Depot 200 mg/ml Depot: Close supervision is required during the period following initiation of Clopixol Depot 200 mg/ml Depot treatment, in order to minimize the risk of over-medication or insufficient suppression of psychotic symptoms. Supplemental oral antipsychotic medication may be required in diminishing dosage during this period. The usual maintenance dose is 150-300 mg intramuscularly, every 2-4 weeks. Some patients may require higher or lower doses, or shorter intervals between doses.
Interaction of Clopixol Depot 200 mg/ml
Drugs that may interact with Clopixol Depot 200 mg/ml include:
tricyclic antidepressant medicines
guanethidine and similar medicines (used to lower the blood pressure)
barbiturates and similar medicines
levodopa and similar medicines (used to treat Parkinson’s disease)
metoclopramide (used in the treatment of gastro-intestinal disorders)
other antipsychotic medicines (e.g. thioridazine)
medicines that change the heartbeat (e.g. quinidine, amiodarone, sotalol, erythromycine, moxifloxacin, lithium)
Acute alcohol, barbiturate or opiate intoxication.
CNS depression due to any cause, comatose states, suspected or established subcortical brain damage or circulatory collapse.
Patients with known hypersensitivity to thioxanthenes, Clopixol Depot 200 mg/ml or to any ingredient in the formulation or component of the container.
Side Effects of Clopixol Depot 200 mg/ml
Common side effects are Racing heart (tachycardia), a sensation of a rapid, forceful, or irregular beating of the heart (palpitations) Tremor, twisting or repetitive movements or abnormal postures due to sustained muscle contractions (dystonia), increased muscle stiffness (hypertonia).
Pregnancy & Lactation
The safe use of Clopixol Depot 200 mg/ml during pregnancy has not been established. Clopixol Depot 200 mg/ml is excreted in human milk. The safe use of Clopixol Depot 200 mg/ml during lactation has not been established.
Precautions & Warnings
Caution should be taken if-
you have used Clopixol Depot 200 mg/ml or any other treatment for schizophrenia before and if you had any problems
you are taking any other prescription or non-prescription medicines
you are pregnant or thinking of becoming pregnant, or if you are breast-feeding
you regularly drink a lot of alcohol
you have any liver problems, Parkinson’s disease or have ever had seizures
you have dementia
you have glaucoma
you have any kidney problems
you have risk factors for stroke (e.g. smoking, high blood pressure).
you have hypokalemia or hypomagnesia (too little potassium or magnesium in your blood)
you have a history of cardiovascular disorders
you or someone in your family has a history of blood clots
you are being treated for cancer (applies to Clopixol Depot 200 mg/ml Depot only)
you use any other antipsychotic medicine
Overdose Effects of Clopixol Depot 200 mg/ml
Symptoms of overdose may include: somnolence, coma, unusual movements, convulsions, shock, high or low body temperature
Should be stored between 15°C and 25°C. Protect from light.
Use In Special Populations
The safety and efficacy of Clopixol Depot 200 mg/ml in children under the age of 18 years have not been established, therefore its use is not recommended.