Citapram

Citapram20 mg

Tablet

Citalopram Hydrobromide

General Pharmaceuticals Ltd.

Product Code : 3632
MRP 8.04
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Arpolax20 mg

Citalopram Hydrobromide

Incepta Pharmaceuticals Ltd.

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Medicine overview

Indications of Citapram 20 mg

Citalopram is indicated for depressive illness and panic disorder. It is also indicated in substance abuse disorders and alcohol dependence. Citalopram has also been given in variety of anxiety disorders including obsessive-compulsive disorder and social phobia. It is also effective in generalized anxiety ... Read moreCitalopram is indicated for depressive illness and panic disorder. It is also indicated in substance abuse disorders and alcohol dependence. Citalopram has also been given in variety of anxiety disorders including obsessive-compulsive disorder and social phobia. It is also effective in generalized anxiety disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, premenstrual syndrome, idiopathic Parkinson's disease and eating disorder.

Theropeutic Class

SSRIs & related anti-depressant drugs

Pharmacology

Citalopram is bicyclic phthalane derivative and a selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor, with little or no effect on noradrenaline, dopamine and GABA re-uptake. The inhibitory activity explains the antidepressant property of citalopram. It has no or very low affinity for 5-HT1AA, 5-HT2A, D1 and D2 receptors, α1, α2, β-adrenergic, histamine H1, muscarinic, cholinergic, benzodiazepine and opioid receptors.

Dosage & Administration of Citapram 20 mg

Depression, Depressive phase of bipolar disorder: Adult: Initially, 20 mg/day, increased to max 40 mg/day after at least 1 wk. Child: Contraindicated. Elderly: 10 mg/day. Max: 20 mg/day. Panic disorder with or without agoraphobia: Adult: Initially, 10 mg/day, increased to 20 mg/day after 1 wk. Child: Contraindicated. Elderly: 10 mg/day. Max: 20 mg/day.

Dosage of Citapram 20 mg

Depression, Depressive phase of bipolar disorder: Adult: Initially, 20 mg/day, increased to max 40 mg/day after at least 1 wk. Child: Contraindicated. Elderly: 10 mg/day. Max: 20 mg/day. Panic disorder with or without agoraphobia: Adult: Initially, 10 mg/day, increased to 20 mg/day after 1 wk. Child: Contraindicated. Elderly: 10 mg/day. Max: 20 mg/day.

Interaction of Citapram 20 mg

Ketoconazole, Itraconazole or Macrolide antibiotics and Citalopram co-administration decreases the metabolism of Citalopram. Omeprazole and Citalopram co-administration might decrease the clearance of Citalopram.

Contraindications

Citalopram should not be used if the patient enters a manic phase. Concomitant use in patients taking MAO inhibitor is contraindicated. Citalopram is contraindicated in patients with a hypersensitivity to this drug or any of its ingredients.

Side Effects of Citapram 20 mg

SSRIs are less sedating and have fewer antimuscarinic and cardiotoxic effects than tricyclic antidepressants. However, side-effects may be seen, includes gastro-intestinal effects (nausea, vomiting, dyspepsia, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, constipation), anorexia with weight loss, palpitations, tachycardia, postural hypotension, cough, confusion, impaired concentration, amnesia, urinary retention, sweating, movement disorders, urticaria, anaphylaxis, arthralgia, myalgia and photosensitivity.

Pregnancy & Lactation

Pregnancy: There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women; therefore, Citalopram should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.Lactation: Citalopram is excreted in human breast milk. So, the decision whether to continue or discontinue either nursing or Citalopram therapy should take into account the risks of Citalopram exposure for the infants and the benefits of Citalopram treatment for the mother.

Precautions & Warnings

Caution should be taken in patients with epilepsy, concurrent electroconvulsive therapy, history of mania, cardiac disease, diabetes mellitus, angle-closure glaucoma, history of bleeding disorders, hepatic and renal impairment. Abrupt withdrawal of Citalopram should be avoided.

Overdose Effects of Citapram 20 mg

Symptoms: Dizziness, sweating, nausea, vomiting, tremor, somnolence and sinus tachycardia. Rarely, amnesia, confusion, coma, seizures, hyperventilation, cyanosis, rhabdomyolysis and ECG changes (e.g. QT prolongation, sinus bradycardia, ventricular arrhythmias, nodal rhythm, torsade de pointes and left bundle branch block). Management: Symptomatic and supportive treatment. Maintain and ensure adequate ventilation and oxygenation. Gastric evacuation by lavage and use of activated charcoal should be considered. Frequently monitor cardiac function and vital signs.

Storage Conditions

Store at 25° C.

Drug Classes

SSRIs & related anti-depressant drugs

Mode Of Action

Citalopram is bicyclic phthalane derivative and a selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor, with little or no effect on noradrenaline, dopamine and GABA re-uptake. The inhibitory activity explains the antidepressant property of citalopram. It has no or very low affinity for 5-HT1AA, 5-HT2A, D1 and D2 receptors, α1, α2, β-adrenergic, histamine H1, muscarinic, cholinergic, benzodiazepine and opioid receptors.

Pregnancy

Pregnancy: There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women; therefore, Citalopram should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.Lactation: Citalopram is excreted in human breast milk. So, the decision whether to continue or discontinue either nursing or Citalopram therapy should take into account the risks of Citalopram exposure for the infants and the benefits of Citalopram treatment for the mother.
Disclaimer

The information provided is accurate to our best practices, but it does not replace professional medical advice. We cannot guarantee its completeness or accuracy. The absence of specific information about a drug should not be seen as an endorsement. We are not responsible for any consequences resulting from this information, so consult a healthcare professional for any concerns or questions.