Indications of Dexpoten 100 ml
This preparation temporarily relieves these symptoms due to common cold, hay fever (allergic rhinitis) or other upper respiratory allergies:
Non-productive cough due to minor throat or bronchial irritation
Itching of the nose or throat
Itchy & watery eyes
Each 5 ml syrup contains-
Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide BP 20 mg
Phenylephrine Hydrochloride BP 10 mg
Triprolidine Hydrochloride BP 2.5 mg
Combined cough suppressants
Dextromethorphan, a centrally-acting antitussive agent, depresses the medullary cough center through sigma receptor stimulation, resulting to decreased sensitivity of cough receptors and interruption of cough impulse transmission.Pseudoephedrine is both an α-and β-adrenergic receptor agonist. It causes vasoconstriction via direct stimulation of α-adrenergic receptors of the respiratory mucosa. It also directly stimulates β-adrenergic receptors causing bronchial relaxation, increased heart rate and contractility.Triprolidine binds to the histamine H1 receptor. This block the action of endogenous histamine, which subsequently leads to temporary relief of the negative symptoms brought on by histamine.
Dosage & Administration of Dexpoten 100 ml
Adults: 2 tea-spoon three times dailyChildren:
Over 12 years: 2 tea-spoon three times daily.
6 to 12 years: 1 tea-spoon three times daily.
2 to 5 years: 1/2 tea-spoon three times daily.
6 months to 2 years: 1/4 tea-spoon three times daily or on advice of a physician only.
Dosage of Dexpoten 100 ml
Adults & Children over 12 years: 1 teaspoonful (5 ml) 4 times a day every 4 hours interval.6-12 years: 1/2 teaspoonful 4 times a day every 4 hours interval.Use in children and adolescents: A physician's advice should be obtained before administering this combination to children less than 6 years.
Interaction of Dexpoten 100 ml
Taking certain MAO inhibitors with this medication may cause a serious (possibly fatal) drug interaction. Avoid taking isocarboxazid, methylene blue, moclobemide, phenelzine, procarbazine, rasagiline, selegiline, or tranylcypromine during treatment with this medication. Most MAO inhibitors should also not be taken for two weeks before treatment with this medication.
It should be avoided in patients with liver disease or asthmatic patients and is contraindicated in patients taking monoamine oxidase inhibitors or within 2 weeks from stopping such treatment
Side Effects of Dexpoten 100 ml
It may cause drowsiness and constipation. Other side effects that may occur include GIT discomfort. No apparent evidence of physical dependence of the morphine type.
Pregnancy & Lactation
There are no specific data on use of this combination during pregnancy. Caution should therefore be exercised by balancing the potential benefits of treatment of the mother against any possible hazards to the developing fetus.
Precautions & Warnings
This preparation may cause drowsiness. If affected, do not drive motor vehicle or operate machinery. Avoid alcoholic drink while on this medication. Use with caution in patients with epilepsy, prostatic hypertrophy, glaucoma, hepatic disease, hypertension, heart disease, diabetes, hyperthyroidism. If symptoms do not improve within one week or accompanied with high fever, consult a physician before continuing use.
Overdose Effects of Dexpoten 100 ml
In cases of over dosage, hospital admission is strongly advised. Over dosage may produce respiratory depression, paranoid psychosis, delusions, hallucinations and convulsion.
Store in a cool and dry place (below 30°C temperature), away from light. Keep out of the reach of children.
Combined cough suppressants
Mode Of Action
This preparation is a mixture of antitussive, decongestant and antihistamine agent. Dextromethorphan is a safe, effective, non-narcotic antitussive agent which has a central action on the cough centre in the medulla. Although structurally related to Morphine, it has no analgesic and habit forming properties and in general it has little sedative activity. Phenylephrine is a decongestant that shrinks blood vessels in the nasal passage. Phenylephrine is used for the temporary relief of stuffy nose, sinus, and ear symptoms caused by the common cold, flu, allergies, sinusitis & bronchitis. This medication works by decreasing swelling in the nose and ears, thereby lessening discomfort and making it easier to breathe. Triprolidine is an antihistamine used to relieve symptoms of allergy, hay fever, and the common cold. These symptoms include rash, watery eyes, itchy eyes/nose/throat/skin, cough, runny nose, and sneezing. It is a potent competitive histamine H1-receptor antagonist of the pyrrolidine class with mild central nervous system depressant properties which may cause drowsiness. By antagonizing another natural substance acetylcholine, it helps dry up some body fluids to relieve symptoms such as watery eyes and runny nose.
There are no specific data on use of this combination during pregnancy & lactation.